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Ernest L. Hartmann Papers

Call Number: MS211

Scope and Contents

This collection consists of approximately 96 boxes of documents, over 100 photographs, 65 books and 129 journals, 6 digital objects, and 129 audiotapes. The collection documents the professional and personal lives of Ernest Hartmann, a preeminent sleep and dream researcher, and his parents Dr. Heinz and Dr. Dora Hartmann. Material largely dates from 1900-2013; Hartmann’s working life from 1958-2013 represents the bulk of the material. The collection includes: personal and professional correspondence; research material and research data; publications, reprints, and manuscripts; audiotapes; meeting minutes and memoranda; photographs; and official and administrative paperwork.

Ernest Hartmann’s papers document his more than fifty years of academic research into sleep and dreaming and the evolution of the professional organizations and journals to which he contributed. The papers relate to his research into tryptophan, adolescent mental illness, long-term effects of various drugs, vulnerability to schizophrenia, the effects of 9/11, the implications of different sleep styles and dream types, alcohol and bruxism (tooth grinding), and the development of his Boundary Questionnaire, among others. They also document his participation in numerous conferences and meetings, academic, professional, and volunteer positions; extensive correspondence with friends, romantic partners, and colleagues; poetry and interdisciplinary writings on subjects like immortality, advertising, and abortion; major life events including his marriages, children, divorces, and home sales; ephemera from his education and travels; and photographs.

In addition to Ernest Hartmann’s papers, the collection contains material related to the lives and careers of Heinz and Dora Hartmann, both physicians and psychoanalysts who studied under and worked with Sigmund Freud. This material includes old family papers, manuscripts, and a selection of historical professional books (largely in German) and Austrian psychoanalytic journals. The journals – Imago, Internationale Zeitschrift für Psychoanalyse, Allgemeine Ärtzliche Zeitschrift für Psychotherapie, and Zentralblatt für Psychotherapie – date mostly from the 1930s.


  • Creation: 1900 -- 2014


Language of Materials






This collection contains some restricted material. Restrictions related to specific material are listed in the detailed contents list. This collection may require review before it is available for use. Please contact DCA for further details.

Conditions Governing Use

Some material in this collection may be protected by copyright and other rights. Please see “Reproductions and Use” on the Digital Collections and Archives website for more information about reproductions and permission to publish. Any intellectual property rights that the donor possesses have been transferred to Tufts University.

Biographical / Historical

Ernest (Ernst) Louis Hartmann was born in Vienna, Austria, on February 25, 1934. He was the elder of two sons born to Dora Karplus Hartmann and Heinz Hartmann; their younger son, Lawrence (Lorenz) Hartmann, also went on to become a distinguished psychiatrist.

Heinz Hartmann was a prominent psychoanalyst, a favorite student and collaborator of Sigmund Freud. Dora Karplus Hartmann was a pediatrician, psychiatrist, psychoanalyst, and mountaineer. The family emigrated from Austria in 1938 due to the rise of Nazism, first to France and Switzerland, then to New York City in 1941. There, Ernest Hartmann attended the Fieldston School, the University of Chicago (from which he graduated in 1952 after only one year of study), and Yale University School of Medicine, where he received his M.D. in 1958. His career at Tufts Medical School began as assistant clinical professor of psychiatry, 1964-1966, then assistant professor of psychiatry, 1966-1969, until Hartmann became a full professor in 1975, one of only three full professors at the School of Medicine at the time. He held the position until he retired from Tufts in 2013.

During a 55-year career as a researcher into sleep and dreams, he published more than 350 articles and 9 books and gave innumerable presentations and talks across the globe. He was the former president of the International Association for the Study of Dreams and the first editor-in-chief of its journal, Dreaming, which he helped launch. He held multiple high-level positions concurrent with his duties at Tufts, directing the Sleep and Dream Laboratory at the Boston State Hospital from 1964-1980, the Sleep Laboratory at the West-Ros-Park Mental Health Center, and the Sleep Disorders Center at Newton-Wellesley Hospital, for instance. He served as a lieutenant commander in the US Public Health Service from 1962-1964. Hartmann’s interests were varied. He published as a poet and wrote articles on abortion and the effects of advertising.

Hartmann married twice, first from 1961-1974 to Barbara Snow Hengst, and again to Eva Neumann from 1995-1999. Both marriages ended in divorce. He had two children from his first marriage, Jonathan and Katherine Hartmann. He died on August 7, 2013, in Truro, MA.


103.2 Linear Feet

6 Digital Object(s)

2 Web sites


This collection was organized preliminarily into nine series during rehousing; final series arrangement will be decided during future processing. Material related to Heinz and Dora Hartmann is separated out into Series 2; however their correspondence and photographs are also to be found in other series, e.g. Series I, VI, and VIII. Series I: Personal papers consists mainly of correspondence, photographs, ephemera, official documents and certifications, and personal writings, arranged in three parts: alphabetically filed ephemera, official documents, photographs, and personal and professional correspondence; personal correspondence; and personal dream logs. Series II: Heinz and Dora Hartmann and family papers consists of their personal and professional correspondence, manuscripts and publications, notes, artwork, legal documents, minutes, and memoranda, arranged in rough chronological order. Series III: Professional correspondence and professional associations consists of minutes, brochures, papers, journals, and correspondence and is grouped into three rough categories: professional correspondence, Association for the Study of Dreaming (ASD) materials, and other professional organization materials. Series IV: Scientific publications and drafts contains drafts, prints, and reprints of articles with associated correspondence and data and is arranged in chronological order. Series V: Research data and materials contains research, datasets, study subject files, grant materials, correspondence, and PhD dissertations. Material in this series is arranged roughly by study, and studies are arranged in rough chronological order. Series VI: Early 20th century Austrian and German psychoanalytic literature and other books contains journals and books of Heinz, Dora, and Ludo Moritz Hartmann (Heinz Hartmann’s father) dating mostly from the 1920s to 1930s. The series has been arranged chronologically within journal title but otherwise is not arranged. Series VII: Employment files contains official documents and certifications, awards, booklets, and photographs and is not arranged. Series VIII: Unsorted boxes contains ephemera, official documents and certifications, research, data, publications and manuscripts, photographs, and correspondence and is not arranged. Series IX: Audio tapes contains audiotapes in albums and is not arranged.

Processing Information

Pre-Processing As a first step we created box-level context labels to record contextual (i.e. original filing cabinet/drawer or box as well as additional notes and connections) and content information. These context labels are taped on front of each rehoused box. Given the complexity of the Hartmann collection as well as storage issues, the collection was only pre-processed and shipped offsite for future processing. Material was sorted into rough series and rehoused but the collection remains largely unprocessed and is need of refined arrangement and processing. (Please see specific series for more detailed information regarding arrangement and rehousing.) A collection assessment plan (CAP# MS211-01) was created which gives an overview of the project. In addition, all labels created by Susanne and Tim as well as the original filing cabinet drawer labels were collected at the end of the project. Hartmann had taped his own diagram to file cabinet 2 that showed which cabinet or cabinets held which material. This diagram, the CAP, and all other labels can be found in the MS211 collection documentation folder.

Contents The 19 filing cabinets contained a wide range of materials, from research and data, to personal files and professional correspondence, reprints of Hartmann’s and others publications, unpublished material, and professional involvement. The 23 boxes transferred to Tufts contained material that Susanne and Tim rehoused at the Hartmann home, either from drawers in filing cabinets that were not shipped to DCA, or from material sitting in loose piles on top of filing cabinets and in piles around the house. Box labels indicate where material was sitting and upon which cabinet in case these piles might turn out to be related to materials filed in the cabinets. Contents include issues of early Austrian psychoanalytic journals, books, audio tapes containing interviews and talks, family papers from Heinz and Dora Hartmann, and loose research material and data. After looking at the material, we created temporary series that appear to reflect the contents. Please see specific series for more detailed information regarding arrangement and rehousing. Hartmann had created a diagram for a few filing cabinets (taped to file cabinet 2) that showed which cabinet or cabinets was supposed to hold material relating to a specific research or professional area [which we found partially correct when material was rehoused]. This diagram can be found in the collection documentation folder with the collected drawer, box, and file cabinet labels.


The following large groups of files were weeded from the collection:

Original Location: File cabinet 2, drawer 2. Currently rehoused in MS211.003.013.

  • Duplicate copies of IASD’s journal, Dreaming, which Hartmann co-founded. While the journal is available in e-journal databases, we decided to keep one of each issue because of Hartmann’s integral position in founding the journal.
  • Processing status

    This collection is minimally processed.

    Repository Details

    Part of the Tufts Archival Research Center Repository

    35 Professors Row
    Tisch Library Building
    Tufts University
    Medford Massachusetts 02155 United States